Marcan Priority and a Textual and Theological Comparison of the Synoptic and Johannine Gospels

Introduction The gospels are the foundation of Christianity and by extension of Western society. In his book “New Testament History and Literature”, Dale B. Martin argues that although the New Testament is considered a “foundational document” for Western civilisation, that statement doesn’t really mean much as many of “the most culturally significant things about the New…

Creation Stories of Atum, Ptah, Yahweh and Elohim

The progression from physical to cerebral creation stories in particular really seemed to spark conversation during the last post-tour social that we had for Faith to Faithless. I have therefore reproduced the 4 texts which I spoke of below. The Hymn to Atum/Amun-Ra (24th-22nd century BCE) The Hymn to Ptah (22nd-20th century BCE Genesis 2:4…

Evidence for Bird Evolution

Following the successful tour of the Natural History Museum on Saturday the 24th, I’m launching a series of blog posts entitled “Evidence for Common Descent”, which will help many newly freed ex-Jehovah’s Witnesses and others to understand various aspects of the compelling evidence for common descent and by extension evidence for evolution by natural selection.…

Who was the satan? Part 1 of 3

Following the success of the “Biblical and Qur’anic History” tour of the British Museum, I’d like to present this blog post about the history of Satan. Satan the Devil has been a feature of Judaism, Christianity and Islam (known in those faiths as “ha-satan”, “Satan”, “Devil”, “al-Shaitan” or “Iblis”) for over 2000 years. He is…

The Astronomical Diary, VAT 4956

This article is going to be quite heavy going as it involves looking at ancient astronomical observations and correlating them with star charts. I have to thank my friend Chris Owens aka. “Londo Mollari”, because the majority of the research comes from his articles (which I’ve reproduced without changes here) and from his brilliant video…

Babylonian Mathematics and Astronomy

The ancient Babylonians have been one of the most influential cultures in history. They gave us the concept of 60 seconds in a minute, 60 minutes in an hour and 24 hours in a day, they developed the first mathematics and astronomy and are responsible for the fact that there are 360 degrees in a circle…

The Babylonian Map of the World

I was really happy that 32 people turned up to the British Museum tour yesterday. It was the biggest tour group ever. Alison Boniface posted a picture of the event on Facebook: Among many other fascinating artefacts, we looked at a marvellous clay tablet which has a map of the world on it. It is…